What Is Acne?
Acne is a skin disease common in Singapore among adolescents and some lasts into their adulthood. It is a problem with glands in the skin that are located near hair follicles where its clogged with dead skin cells and oil.
These glands secrete an oily substance called sebum. The secretion of sebum is normal and this happens in every human body. Unfortunately, there are some people who have larger glands that release more sebum into the skin. The excess sebum can trap oil, bacteria, and skin cells. The growth and built-up of these bacterium can cause inflammation of the skin that leads to acne.
This is characterized by blackheads or whiteheads, pimples and greasy skin. It is common to occur in the face, chest and back.
Blackhead forms when a clog occurs around the opening of hair follicles. As a result, a bump (also know as comedo) starts to form shape. When the skin over the comdeo has an opening and the exposure to air will cause oxidation where the blackhead forms.
Whitehead forms as similar to blackheads where the pores are clogged with dead skin cells and accumulation of sebum. The only difference is the skin over the comdeo has no opening hence no oxidation occurs.
Pimple is a result of an inflammation around the clogged pores when the bacteria start to multiply. The infected area will start to swell and turn red. Often, white pus will form on the tip of the pimple. When the inflammation starts to get worse and spread, this leads to pustules and papules. In a more serious case, the inflammation escalates to become nodules and cysts.
Pustules are similar to whiteheads but have yellow pus and blister like shape. Papules are hard and can be painful.
Nodules are spread deep into the skin causing a big sore around the affected area and are very painful. Cysts are similar to nodules but softer to the touch and are filled with pus.
Genetics is the main cause of acne in many of its cases and it affects people of all ethnic groups. During puberty, an increase in hormones such as testosterone will cause an outbreak. These can affect most people at some time during their lives.
Some people experience many breakouts during their teenage years and subsequently it reduces as they get older. In some extreme cases, affected areas left untreated will continue to thrive and cause a serious health problem.
Acne can have a negative effect on people’s quality of life and self-esteem and have an impact in their social life.
With today’s advanced medication, there are effective treatments that are available and getting the right treatment can dramatically improve the quality of life.
Take a look at what causes acne – here